Solitary and communal bees

Solitary bees typically do not produce honey nor beeswax. Solitary bees are important pollinators. They gather pollen to feed their brood. Often it is mixed with nectar to form a paste-like consistency, similar to honey bees.

The most common solitary bees are the Bumble Bee and the Carpenter Bee. However, many more exist. Leafcutter bee, Orchard Mason Bee, Horned –face Bee, sweat bees, mason bees,polyester bees, squash bees, dwarf carpenter bees, leafcutter bees, alkali bees and digger bees.Most solitary bees nest in the ground in a variety of soil textures and conditions while others create nests in hollow reeds or twigs, holes in wood. The female typically creates a compartment (a "cell") with an egg and some provisions for the resulting larva, then seals it off. A nest may consist of numerous cells. When the nest is in wood, usually the last (those closer to the entrance) contain eggs that will become males. The adult does not provide care for the brood once the egg is laid, and usually dies after making one or more nests. The males typically emerge first and are ready for mating when the females emerge. Solitary bees are either stingless or very unlikely to sting (only in self-defense, if ever).

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